An evaluation of regulatory framework advancements
The present paper addresses the impact of government on the technological innovation process in Brazil and assesses the impacts of a new regulatory framework for innovation, characterized by the enactment of the Innovation Act and the so-called Good Act, on the two other players of the national technological innovation system: academia (universities and scientific institutions) and the corporate sphere (businesses and trade associations). In fact, the contributions – and responsibilities – of government are not always understood by stakeholders in the technological innovation process. Therefore, we begin by presenting the history and evolution of main points in the Brazilian legal framework for technological innovation, its recent events and challenges, as well as relevant advancements in the regulation and fostering of science and technology in the country. We also present the results of a field study conducted through structured interviews of representatives of each of the three players (government-academia-corporate sphere), who reported their perceptions of benefits and restrictions brought about by the recent regulatory advancements, as well as suggesting improvements. Our conclusions suggest that, recent progress notwithstanding, integration between the three aforementioned players must be intensified if Brazil is to improve its position in international rankings and leave the sidelines of technological innovation.